Thursday, September 8, 2016

Setting a Sitecore password policy and protecting from brute force attacks

You might notice that out of the box Sitecore has no real password policy - take the default password for admin, a single character "b". This is not ideal and a security audit will often bring up this fact. On top of a secure password policy is the amount of times that a user can attempt to log in (with an incorrect password) before they are locked out.

By default, the web.config of your Sitecore website will have the following section:
<add name="sql" type="System.Web.Security.SqlMembershipProvider" connectionStringName="core" applicationName="sitecore" minRequiredPasswordLength="1" minRequiredNonalphanumericCharacters="0" requiresQuestionAndAnswer="false" requiresUniqueEmail="false" maxInvalidPasswordAttempts="256" />
The key attributes are:
  1. minRequiredPasswordLength - the minimum length that a password can be. By default this is 1 and is recommended to be changed to 8 or greater.
  2. minRequiredNonalphanumericCharacters - is the minimum required non alphabetic or numeric characters (such as @ or $). By default this is 0, and to enhance password security it should be set to at least 1.
  3. maxInvalidPasswordAttempts - is the number of failed logins a given user account can have before it is locked. By default it is set to 256, which is rather high and could allow for brute force access to an account. This should be changed to a much lower number, such as 10.
Remember as with any password policy it's important to communicate with users and have policies in place for unlocking accounts that breach the maximum invalid login attempts. 

1 comment:

  1. It's worth noting that point 3) only helps for online attacks. For offline attacks, where the account won't be locked, you might want to consider changing the hashing algorithm to a slower one. I found this an interesting read: http://blog.baslijten.com/sitecore-security-1-how-to-replace-the-password-hashing-algorithm/

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